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Anguri Bagh: A garden of grapes/a vineyard


Bagh: A general term used to identify a garden; more precisely, it refers to an enclosed area within a hedge of plants, usually shrubs or trees; baghs are large and monumental in comparison to the smaller chaharbaghs

Baradari: Usually, a pavilion with 12 openings, although those with fewer openings also exist

Bustan Baghs and Chaharbaghs: Contain aromatic flowering plants; also, a vegetable garden


Chabutra: A raised platform in a garden, meant for sitting, with water flowing around or beneath it

Chadar (literally, "shawl"): A stone or marble chute; usually textured, creating bounces or ripples in the waterfall; if not textured, it contains zigzag patterns made from different-colored stones.

Chaharbagh: A garden that is smaller than a bagh and sometimes forms a section or several sections of a bagh

Chaman: A fruit garden, particularly one that specializes in grapes and pomegranates

Chilla: A place of meditation

Chini Khana: A landscape element designed within three walls with an arcade on the fourth side forming an enclosure with carved recesses or niches in the walls to hold candles or flowers in small porcelain vases; the waterfall cascades in front of the niches


Dilkusha: One of the early names associated with the garden that was later transformed into Jahangir's tomb-garden, and one of the conjunctions of the Persian word for "heart"(dil) used in the names of gardens. Bagh-i Dilkusha may be translated as "garden of contentment," "cheerfulness," or "gladness."


Faiz Bakhsh (literally, "bestower of bounty"): One of the terms Shah Jahan used for Shalamar Garden

Farah Bakhsh (literally, "bestower of delight"): One of the terms Shah Jahan used for Shalamar Garden


Gaz: A Mughal measurement for length, often translated as "yard." The equivalent length of a gaz in English units of measurement varied from 30.36 in. in the Lodi Sultanate to approximately 32 in. during Akbar's reign (1556-1605 CE).

Gulistan: A flower garden devoted exclusively to roses


Hammam: A bath


Khawabgah: A sleeping chamber

Khiyaban: An avenue of a garden

Kos: A measure of distance equal to approximately two miles


Mali: A gardener

Mazar: A shrine

Minar: A tower, usually the minaret of a mosque, but sometimes a similar form as in the kos minar towers that marked distances along a highway


Sawan Bhadon: The two months of monsoon season